The Philippines has an overall risk index of 5.3. The country’s most common disaster events of earthquakes (10.0), tropical cyclones (9.5), and tsunamis (9.3).

The Republic of the Philippines is an archipelago of islands. The country is divided into three areas from the northernmost tip of Luzon to Visayas, and Mindanao at the south. Only 2,000 of the 7,614 islands are inhabited by 109 million people. The nation’s proximity to the Ring of Fire and typhoon belts in the Pacific ocean make it prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other natural disasters. Located right above the equator, the Philippines islands are surrounded by warm waters. However, these waters also cause up to 20 typhoons a year that threaten the 60% of the population living along with the low-lying coastal areas. 

With a maritime tropical climate, the Philippines has an annual average temperature ranging from 23° to 32° Celsius (C) and relative humidity of 80%. The yearly rainfall ranged from 960 to 4,060 millimeters (mm). The two major wind belts cause unique weather patterns across the country, the northeast experiences winter monsoons while the southwest faces summer monsoons. Rivers are short and significant the only inland water bodies are Laguna de Bay in Luzon and Lake Sultan Alonto in Mindanao. 

The topography of the Philippines widely varies as the larger islands were formed by volcanic masses. The lowlands are predominantly narrow coastal strips except for the larger plains in Luzon and Mindanao. The highest points are Mount Pulog at 2,928 meters (m) and Mount Apo at 2,954 m.

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Learn more about the Philippine Preparedness Partnership (PHILPREP) – APP’s national chapter in the Philippines. The partnership work to promote local-led disaster preparedness and response across the country with the cooperation of local partners. PHILPREP also strives to empower the global south through South-South learning and knowledge exchange consolidated from its extensive engagement with communities.

Members of Philippine Preparedness Partnership (PhiPrep)

OCD was founded in 1972 and is an organization with the Philippines’ Department of National Defense which serves as the implementing arm of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). It has the primary mission of administering a comprehensive national civil defense and disaster risk reduction and management program by providing leadership in the continuous development of strategic and systematic approaches as well as measures to reduce the vulnerabilities and risks to hazards and manage the consequences of disasters.

CDP was founded in 1999 and is a resource center for community-based disaster risk management. It has specifically contributed to the capacity-building of NGOs and government through interactive training and networking activities on preparedness, mitigation and prevention.

PDRF was established in 2009 as the country’s major private sector vehicle and coordinator for disaster management. It works with field experts and humanitarian institutions to organize and coordinate private sector solutions towards disaster management.

Useful Links

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council

DRRM Knowledge Center

Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology

Department of Social Welfare and Development