The Republic of the Philippines is an archipelago of islands. The country is divided into three areas from the northernmost tip of Luzon to Visayas, and Mindanao at the south. Only 2,000 of the 7,614 islands are inhabited by 109 million people. The nation’s proximity to the Ring of Fire and typhoon belts in the Pacific ocean make it prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and other natural disasters. Located right above the equator, the Philippines islands are surrounded by warm waters. However, these waters also cause up to 20 typhoons a year that threaten the 60% of the population living along with the low-lying coastal areas.