Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has an overall risk index of 3.7. The country’s most common disaster events of tsunamis (8.5), floods (6.1), and tropical cyclones (3.6).

Sri Lanka is a teardrop-shaped island located in the Indian Ocean. Approximately half 21.49 million total population live along the 1,340 kilometers (km) of the country’s coastline. The population has become more vulnerable with increasing frequencies of cyclones and monsoonal rains that lead to flooding and landslides.

Although the climate is tropical and monsoonal, it varies from warm coastal plains and lowlands to temperate climates in the hills and mountain regions. The average annual temperature remains consistent at around 27° Celsius (C) with only a rainy or dry season. The rainfall ranges from 1,300 millimeters (mm) in the lowlands of the northeast to anywhere from 630 to 1,900 mm in the hilly regions of the southwest. The southwestern parts of the country can receive up to 5,000 mm of rainfall per year.

Sri Lanka is primarily lowlands with five-sixth of the landmass less than 300 meters (m) above sea level. Although the coastal plains have a mountainous section in the south, east, and west, the most elevated parts of the country in located in the south-central part with rough plateaus cut by a range of mountains. The highest peak of this mountain range is Pidurutalagala at 2,524 m.

Recent Publications

APP News

Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka

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Our Stories

Members of Preparedness Partnership of Cambodia (PPC)

DMC was established as per the provisions of the Disaster Management Act (2005) to be the executing agency of the National Council for Disaster Management (NCDM). Its primary activities include planning preparedness, broadcasting early warnings and coordinating disaster relief with other key agencies.

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Janathakshan is a not-for-profit company established in 2011 to promote sustainable and green solutions in Sri Lanka’s development. It works with stakeholders in government and local communities to develop plans for disaster risk reduction.

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Ceylon Chamber of Commerce was established in 1839 and is a confederation of trade associations, business councils, and employer organizations. It provides community disaster relief efforts and helps initiate business resilience training.

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Useful Links

Ministry of Public Administration and Disaster Management

National Building Research Organization

Centre for Humanitarian Affairs

Department of Social Welfare and Development