Nepal has an overall risk index of 5.4. The country’s most common disaster events of earthquakes (9.9), floods (6.7), and droughts (2.8).

The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a land of mountains with over three-fourths of the country covered in mountainous ranges. The country has a population of 29.6 million people between the mountains and jungles of the country. Nepal is one of the 20 most disaster-prone countries in the world with eight out of 10 people vulnerable to earthquakes, droughts, floods, landslides, extreme temperature, and glacier lake outburst floods (GLOFs).

The climate of Nepal varies due to elevation changes. The valley and lower Terai region have subtropical climates. The Terai region’s cultivable land and dense jungles have led it to house one-third of the total population. The rainy season lasts from June to October with 80% of annual precipitation occurring within this period. Altitudes between 1,200 and 1,300 meters (m) above sea level experience temperate conditions. The annual average temperature ranged from 2° to 29° C. The subalpine regions above 4,300 m experience snow with long winters and extreme cold. 

Nepal consists of strikingly contrasting areas from the great plain to jungles and mountains. Eight of the world’s highest mountains are situated in the Himalayas. Mt. Everest elevation of 8,848.86 m was recently established in 2020 by Nepal and China. The country is made up of three major river systems – the Kosi, Narayani, and Karnali – that extend to 6,000 rivers, 2,323 glacial lakes, and 5,358 lakes.

Recent Publications


Gender and Early Warning Systems: Nepal


Nepal Early Warning and System Strategy (Draft)


Standard Operating Procedure for Flood Early Warning System in Nepal

APP News


A Right-Based and Inclusive Perspective: FIRE Training in Nepal


Making Climate Change a Allied Effort - Celebrating WHD 2021 in Nepal


PEER-Nepal Curricula Validation and Endorsement Workshop

Our Stories


Shakti Gurung, Executive Director, Centre for Disaster Management Studies


Bolting into Action- Meet the Students (Part II)


Bolting into Action- Meet the Teacher (Part I)


Members of Nepal Preparedness Partnership (NPP)

MoHa Nepal was established in 2008 with the objective of maintaining peace and security and protecting lives. It is responsible for implementing disaster laws and policies as well as coordinating national and regional disaster funds.

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NDRC Nepal was established in 2007. The organization focuses on disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation (CCA), natural resource management, and contemporary socio-economic issues. Their activities in these areas include research projects, program implementation, and knowledge management. NDRC Nepal reaches 68 districts across the country.

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FNCCI was established in 1961 to represent the interests of the private sector and is involved in the promotion of the socio-economic development of Nepal. It provides advisory services to stakeholders to implement business resilience training against disasters and administers the FNCCI Relief Fund.

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Useful Links

Tribhuvan University

National Society for Earthquake Technology - Nepal

Chaudhary Foundation

Nepal COVID-19 Dashboard(NDRRMA)

Nepal Red Cross Society

Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration