Strengthening Risk Governance and Localizing Disaster Risk Reduction and Management in Nepal

Disaster and resilient planning in Nepal is provisioned and guided by the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act (2017), Local Government Operation Act (2017), and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Policy (2017). These policy provisions authorize each local government to develop a local disaster and climate resilient plan (LDCRP) by mobilizing available local resources and capacities. 

The LDCRP involves comprehensive risk assessment at the municipality level, a disaster profile, key action priorities against identified local-level risks, and plan priorities for addressing identified disaster risks in municipal sectoral planning. This case study demonstrates how the Nepal Preparedness Partnership (NPP) assisted in developing five LDCRPs and the process undertaken in the five municipalities of Chitwan District based on their willingness and collaboration to formulate the LDCRP.