Nepal is among the most disaster prone countries in the world. The country is ranked 11th in earthquake vulnerability, and Kathmandu is said to be exposed to the greatest earthquake risk among 21 megacities around the world. It had devastating earthquakes in 1934 and 1988.The earthquake of 1934 measuring 8.4 on the Richter scale is estimated to have killed over 16,000 people in Nepal and India. It caused extensive damage in Nepal: Over 8,500 lives were lost; over 80,000 houses were completely damaged, and over 126,000 houses were severely damaged, majority of them were of Kathmandu valley.
The April 25 earthquake and its aftershocks specially of May 12, 2015 caused unprecedented destruction in Nepal with about 9,000 casualties, over 22,000 injuries along with complete destruction of more than half a million housing units and various level of damages to more than 250,000 buildings (PDNA, NPC 2015). The Government of Nepal has expressed its resolve to support the affected communities to reconstruct their houses with improved and affordable technologies for creating disaster resilient communities.