Seismic Vulnerability Assessment: Nepal

Nepal is among the most disaster prone countries in the world. The country is ranked 11th in earthquake vulnerability, and Kathmandu is said to be exposed to the greatest earthquake risk among 21 megacities around the world. It had devastating earthquakes in 1934 and 1988.The earthquake of 1934 measuring 8.4 on the Richter scale is estimated to have killed over 16,000 people in Nepal and India. It caused extensive damage in Nepal: Over 8,500 lives were lost; over 80,000 houses were completely damaged, and over 126,000 houses were severely damaged, majority of them were of Kathmandu valley.

Technology Demonstration Center for Reconstruction: Gorkha Earthquake 2015

The April 25 earthquake and its aftershocks specially of May 12, 2015 caused unprecedented destruction in Nepal with about 9,000 casualties, over 22,000 injuries along with complete destruction of more than half a million housing units and various level of damages to more than 250,000 buildings (PDNA, NPC 2015). The Government of Nepal has expressed its resolve to support the affected communities to reconstruct their houses with improved and affordable technologies for creating disaster resilient communities.

Info-graphics: Nepal

Nepal is home to 27,797,457 people of which 17.87 % is an urban population while 82.12% is living in rural areas. Gross Domestic Product is 19,294.35 mil USD. It is a land locked country with boarders to India and China. Based on the nationally collected data from 1990 - 2014, most of the mortality reported due to Landslides (32.5%) while 29.1 % mortality reported due to floods. 12.4 % mortality occurred due to fires and 11% mortality by electric storms in Nepal. 8.3% mortality reported due to cold waves in the high mountain regions. Based on the internationally reported data, flood is the most reported disaster in Nepal while landslides accounted as the second highest frequent disaster followed by extreme temperatures. Based on the Inform 2015 Risk Index, Nepal has been categorized as “very high risk” country for humanitarian crises with a score of 5.2. This shows the fragility of Nepal society and its economy as well as exposure of the people to multiple hazards. Nepal disaster management and emergency response coordination is being done by the Ministry of Home Affairs. They coordinate with other line ministries, districts and local governments for disaster response operations. Nepal government is actively supporting the localization of humanitarian response operations and engagement of civil society organizations in the humanitarian ecosystem. Current humanitarian assistance framework is being coordinated by UN and international NGOs. After the Nepal Earthquake occurred in 2015, number of international organizations have started their operations in the country, which has led to marginalization of existing local NGOs and civil society groups in humanitarian response.
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