Pakistan

Pakistan

Taking steps to integrate Digital Resource Center (DRC) for promoting knowledge sharing

Digital Resource Center (DRC), a multi-purpose web portal has been established by National Humanitarian Network (NHN) to provide access to information through humanitarian platform for increased coordination and collaboration in Pakistan. The resource center has been set-up to enable national government, local organizations, individuals and humanitarian community to retrieve and share reliable and authentic humanitarian information. 

Workshop for Women Chamber of Commerce & Industries On Role of Private Sector Preparedness for Effective Respnse

Pakistan’s efforts aimed at achieving fast growth, development and progress are increasingly being undermined by the impact of a variety of disasters, both natural and human induced. The private/industrial sector of Pakistan was no exception and was significantly affected by increased exposure to disaster risks. Since the business sector is the primary source of employment, job creator, purveyor of products and services and collectively constitutes the largest investors in society, business resilience is more and more crucial to build overall resilient communities and  society.

Business Resilience and Role of Private Sector in Preparedness for Response

Pakistan’s efforts aimed at achieving fast growth, development and progress are increasingly being undermined by the impact of a variety of disasters, both natural and human induced. The private/industrial sector of Pakistan was no exception and was significantly affected by increased exposure to disaster risks. Strong public-private partnerships and establishment of a platform to increase interface between government and private sector is imperative in igniting momentum for building business resilience.

APP Country Action Plans

One of the foremost activities implemented under the program was to undertake Baseline Assessment studies to map out the current status of the humanitarian ecosystem for managing disasters at the institutional, organizational and operational levels. The assessment studies have been carried out in all program countries to assess capacities, systems, and inter-agency coordination mechanisms of key stakeholders-  Governments, International NGOs, local humanitarian organisations, academic institutions and civil society organizations working in disaster preparedness and emergency response. 

Validation Workshop for Baseline Assessment, Pakistan

NHN and ADPC, jointly in collaboration with NDMA, are implementing the program 'Strengthening Capacity of Government, Local Humanitarian Organizations and the Private Sector on Preparedness for Response in Pakistan' with an aim of improving the preparedness to response from disasters by strengthening the interface between the government and local humanitarian organizations and enhancing capacity through partnerships, knowledge resources, training and networking opportunities.

Focus Group Discussions in Pakistan

As part of baseline assessment, three Focus Group Discussions (FGD), to understand the overall humanitarian ecosystem and the perception of the stakeholders were conducted in Pakistan on 15, 20 and 22 September in Islamabad, Lahore and Peshawar respectively. The main objectives of these FGDs were:

· To understand the Emergency Response coordination mechanism in Pakistan;

· To understand the existing institutional humanitarian capacity for the emergency response;

· To determine the role of the humanitarian stakeholders in Pakistan;

Info-graphics: Pakistan

Pakistan is prone to number of disasters including floods, earthquakes, droughts, heat waves and landslides etc. In addition, country is experiencing prolonged conflicts and insurgencies coming from neighboring countries such as Afghanistan. Therefore, Pakistan coordinates humanitarian response operations throughout the year due to either natural or man made disaster events. Fig 2 shows the mortality from disasters based on the nationally reported data from 1990 -2014. It shows that 39% of mortality occurred due to earthquakes and 24% mortality occurred due to floods and 19.6% mortality occurred due to rain triggered events such as landslides. Based on the nationally collected data, majority of combined economic losses occurred due to rain triggered events (54%) and floods (31.8%). Earthquakes had caused 8.4 % of combined economic costs during the reported period. Based on the Internationally collected data (CRED EM-DAT (Feb. 2015), floods has been reported as the most frequent disaster in Pakistan followed by earthquakes and landslides. Based on the “Inform Risk Index-2015”, Pakistan is categorized as “very high risk” country for humanitarian crises with a score of 6.3. Fig 5 shows the inform risk index for Pakistan. The overall INFORM risk index identifies countries at risk from humanitarian crises and disasters that could overwhelm national response capacity. It is made up of three dimensions – hazards and exposure, vulnerability and lack of coping capacity Overall disaster response operation at the national level is coordinated by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of Pakistan. As Pakistan is having a federal administration system, each state has established State Disaster Management Authority for coordinating humanitarian responses at the state level. Pakistan has got vibrant civil society groups and local NGOs for humanitarian assistance due to its frequent exposure to disaster events. However, they are not well-mainstreamed into the overall humanitarian ecosystem led by UN and international NGOs.

ADPC Hosts Inception Workshop in Pakistan

NHN and ADPC jointly, in collaboration with NDMA, are implementing the program “Strengthening Capacity of Government and Local Humanitarian Organizations on Preparedness for Response in Asia” with an aim of improving the preparedness to response from disaster by strengthening the interface between the government and local humanitarian organizations and enhancing capacity through partnerships, knowledge resources, training and networking opportunities. 

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