Philippines is home to 98,393,574 people with 44.633% living in urban areas while 55.367% living in rural areas. The country is well known for devastating impacts from tropical cyclones /typhoons. Country’s economy mainly depends on industry, agriculture and tourisms with a GDP of 272,017.377 mil USD. Based on the internationally collected data from 1990 -2014, the most frequent disaster for Philippines is the tropical cyclones / typhoons. The second most frequent disaster is floods followed by landslides.
Majority of mortality from disasters has reported from tropical storms/ typhoons, which accounted for 78.7%. Earthquakes accounted for 7.9% mortality while floods accounted for 5.9% mortality. Landslides occurred in upper mountain areas of the country, which accounted for 5.6% of the total mortality for the reported period.
Based on the Inform 2015 Risk Index for Humanitarian crises, Philippines is categorized as “very high risk” country with a score of 5.2. This very high risk status is due to high exposure for number of multiple hazards, very high frequencies of hazards and relatively fragile economic system of the country. Philippines also experiences in conflicts and insurgencies in southern part of the country.
Philippines disaster response and humanitarian coordination is being done by the Office of Civil Defense, Department of National Defense. Country is having very active civil society networks and local NGOs for emergency response. At the local levels, Local Governments Units (LGUs) take the lead for disaster preparedness, response, rehabilitation and recovery operations.