Myanmar is undergoing transition and a number of developmental activities are underway. The developmental interventions are not risk neutral as they are either reducing risk or increasing risk: As Myanmar is prone to a number of hazards including earthquake, floods, cyclone and tsunami, it is important to capitalize on the current momentum in Myanmar and integrate disaster and climate risk considerations into on-going and future developmental intervention which will contribute to sustainable development.
In this context, the Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development and the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement have identified mainstreaming disaster and climate risk management into development planning as a focus area. Mainstreaming disaster and climate risk management has also been articulated as one of the seven components for prioritized actions in the national DRR action plan of Myanmar, titled 'Myanmar Action Plan on Disaster Risk Reduction 2012'.
Thus, it is essential that the process of development planning identifies and analyzes the underlying causes of risk and possible impacts, and factors in measures to reduce the risk. This is best achieved by mainstreaming disaster risk reduction within the development framework planning (at all levels; national, sectoral and sub-national), programming and in the design and implementation of all development projects in hazard-prone countries.
In the light of adverse impact of recent disasters in Myanmar, it is important to build the capacities and enhance the understanding on mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management (DRM/CRM) in the development planning process among the different government officials who get involved in their departmental planning. Therefore, Relief and Resettlement Department of Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and Planning Department of National Planning and Economic Development and ADPC have jointly developed a national training course on Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management into Development Planning in Myanmar.
The training course has 3 modules namely Introduction to Development and Risk, Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management into Development Planning, and Preparing for Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management. This Facilitator's Guide is part of the National Training Course Package on Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management into Development Planning in Myanmar. Its key objective is to guide the facilitators in conducting the National Training Course. This document could be used along with the Participant's Handbook on Mainstreaming Disaster and Climate Risk Management into Development Planning in Myanmar, power point presentations of the sessions and case studies.
This National Course Package has been developed in through consultations conducted over 2012·2013 and been pilot tested in March 2013. However, as the development planning process in Myanmar is evolving, the course package will also evolve over times.